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如何挑选第一张反曲弓的基础性指导资料(翻译)

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发表于 2011-10-16 17:03 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式

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如何挑选第一张反曲弓的基础性指导资料(由射箭沙龙资深会员TROLL翻译)

转自:www.papagoarchery.com/.../Buying%20Your%20First%20Bow%20PFA.pdf

Buying Your First Bow.购买你的第一把弓

Many first time archers come to us after their first lesson and ask about buying a bow. Our answer is simple. Wait. Wait until you or your child is sure that you are willing to make the commitment to archery. It takes a few lessons to get a feel for the sport. This is the reason The Papago FITA Archers runs a six-week “First Time Archers” Program. After 6 weeks of archery you will know if you are ready to make the investment of your own bow. Once your ready there are quite a few questions to ask and options to consider.

许多上完第一次射箭课的新射手来到我们这里要求买一把弓。我们的回答很简单,等! 等到你或你的孩子确定自己真的想要射箭。需要几节课程来感受这感受这项运动。这就是为什么the Papago FITA archers(机构名字就不翻了。) 开办了一个为期6周的“初次接触射箭”课程。在这6周射箭之后,你就会知道自己是否要拥有一把自己的弓。一旦你决定要买,这里有一些问题要问和一些方案供参考。

Question #1 – Do I want to shoot a Compound Bow or a Recurve Bow? If you have been using the PFA club equipment, you have been using a recurve bow. We use the recurve bows because they are good for beginners and if your goal is the Olympics, the recurve bow is all that is currently allowed. The PFA Junior Olympic Archery Development (JOAD) program supports recurve for Olympic and international competition and compound bow for international competition. This article will deal with Recurve Bows.

问题一:你想要玩的是复合弓还是反曲弓?如果你之前一直用PFA(就是the Papago FITA archers)设备,那你一直是在用反曲弓。我们(PFA)用反曲弓是因为它对新手有好处,如果你的目标是奥运会,那么目前只有反曲是奥运会项目。PFA的奥林匹克青少年弓箭手发展项目是针对反曲弓的奥运项目和其它国际比赛的训练,也有对复合弓国际比赛的训练。本文是针对反曲弓的。

Question #2 – What do I need to get? You need some basic equipment. A bow, at least 1/2 dozen arrows, an armguard, a finger tab and an arrow quiver to put your arrows in. There is some optional equipment to consider. A bow sight, a front stabilizer and a bow stand.

问题二:我要买些什么?你需要一些基本的装备。一张弓,至少6只箭,一个护臂,一个护指和一个箭壶用来放你的箭。还有一些选件可以考虑:瞄,前置稳定杆(就是长杆)和弓架。

Question #3 – How much do I spend? Good question. Archery is like many sports; it has a wide range of prices. You can spend under $200.00 for a complete set-up or you could spend over $1500.00. We are going to deal with the $200.00 to $500.00 range.

问题三:我要花多少钱?好问题(是呀,终于说到银子了,可不是开心嘛)。射箭和许多其它运动一样,它有一个很宽的价格范围。你可以花不到200美元得到全套器材(我一直想要不要翻这段,米国的物价和我们不太一样。)也可能这些要用掉你超过1500美元。我们这里是针对$200到$500这个范围。

Before we get started on the equipment there is one thing about buying your first bow that will make your life very easy. Buy your bow from a local archery store. Stay away from mail order and your “big box” store. Your local archery store has the knowledge and the skill to fit you with the right bow. This is all they do. You might find it slightly cheaper online or at a “big box” store, but you’ll save yourself a lot of headaches by paying for the service and professional help you will get at your Archery Retailer. Seek out the archery retailer that has recurve bow knowledge. You can look at other avenues for equipment after you are more experienced.

在谈论装备之前我们先提一个关于买第一张弓的忠告这可以让你省去不少麻烦。在本地的射箭商店买你的弓(我国不太适用,为什么你懂的)。远离邮购和大型超市(这个我们真没有)。你身边的射箭商店能做的是用他的知识和技术帮你选一张适合你的弓。可能邮购或在超市买会便宜一点,但是,从你身边的弓箭零售商处购买将省去你获得有偿服务和专业帮助的一系列让你头痛的问题。找一家有反曲弓知识的弓箭零售商。在你有了丰富的经验后再寻求别的购买途径。

The Bow.

The bow is the first item to consider. The recurve bow come in three parts. The Riser (the “handle”), The Limbs (upper and lower) and the String. Most beginning bows come with the bowstring so we won’t get into bowstrings. The riser is the bow handle. The limbs fit into the riser. There are two kinds of risers. Those that have “ILF” pockets and those that do not. “ILF” stands for International Limb Fitting. A riser that has ILF pockets enables you to use limbs from any manufacturer and not have to buy a new riser. This riser will allow you to increase the size and weight of your limbs has you improve your archery skills. A riser that does not have ILF pockets limits the type of limbs you can move up to. You usually have to stay with the manufacturer of the bow. The limbs are what the string attaches to and dictate the weight of the bow. Limbs come in different materials and quality. Bows with ILF pockets are the most versatile and will be used by the first time archer for a longer period of time but the cost more.

弓是首先要考虑的。反曲弓分三部分。弓把(“把手”),弓片(分上下)和弓弦。大多入门级弓带弓弦所以这里我们不涉及弓弦。弓把是手持弓的地方(MD,这句在中文里不用写,都说是弓把了,想想只能这么翻还说的顺)。弓片装在弓把上。有两种弓把,有ILF接口的和没有的。ILFInternational Limb Fitting是国际弓片拟合。有ILF接口的弓把可使用任意厂家出的弓片不需要更换弓把。这种弓把可以在你射技提高后更改弓片的尺寸(针对小盆友说的吧)和拉力。不是ILF接口的弓把在换弓片上有局限性,你只能用这一个厂出的弓了。弓片决定了弓的拉力也是系弓弦的地方。不同的弓片有不同的材质。有ILF接口的弓是最通用的,对于新手来说可以长期使用,但是价格要贵些。

The Evolution II is the most inexpensive ILF limb and riser bow on the market today. Proprietary bow and limbs (non ILF bows) can be found with the popular Optima manufactured by PSE, a Tucson AZ company. Note that you can buy varying limb length and limb weight.

Evolution II (进化2) 是现在市场上流行的还不算太贵的弓片和弓把的反曲弓(不知道这是什么时候写的)。你可以在市场上找到流行的Optima(最优,我不知道官方翻是什么,反正就是个名字)是由在亚利桑纳州图森市的PSE公司制造的专用弓和弓片(非ILF的弓)。你要知道你可以买到不同长度拉力的弓片。

The PFA uses the Rolan Dakota bow and the Bullseye wood bow. The Rolan Dakota bow uses a polymer riser which is light weight and excellent for children. Like the Optima the Rolan Dakota has additional proprietary limbs that can be purchased. Wood bows like the Bullseye and Buckeye are also lightweight but the thickness of the “riser” hinders tuning. Fiberglass and elementary compound bows should be avoided. If compound bow are of interest to you, consider the Genesis bow used by the National Archery in the Schools.

PFARolan Dakota的弓和Bullseye的木制弓。Rolan Dakota弓是聚合物的弓自重小非常适合孩子用,它和Optima一样也是专用的其它弓片可以购买。像BullseyeBuckeye这样的木弓也很轻但是弓把太厚不利于调整。要避开玻璃纤维复合材料的弓(为什么?是不是只针对上面说的几款弓?)。如果你对复合材料的弓有兴趣,可以考虑Genesis它是NASP使用(这里少个词应该是the National Archery in the Schools program 我这么想,不知是不是这点不影响什么就不管了)。

Recurve bow size. The appropriate size of a bow is based on the archers draw length, the distance from the arrow rest to the end of the arrow as the string at full draw. Most men, with a 28” draw length use a 68” bow Many women with a 25” draw length use a 66” bow. Many purchase a 62” bow for a child until they grown into an adult bow. Many 7-11 year old find a 54” bow to be a good choice.

反曲弓的尺寸。弓的正确尺寸是根据射手的拉距决定的,拉距是弦拉到位后箭台到箭尾的距离。大多数男人,适合28英寸拉距的要用68英寸的弓。而多数女性,适合25英寸拉距的要用66英寸的弓。很多人为他们的孩子准备了62英寸的弓直到换成人弓。一张54英寸的弓是7-11岁的小盆友的不错选择。

Arrows.

Arrows come in different material and sizes. They need to be fitted to the archer and the bow. The wrong size arrow will cause a lot of problems in flight and accuracy. Arrows come in wood, Aluminum, carbon/aluminum and carbon. For the beginning archery aluminum arrows are best and are considered safer than wood or carbon. The cost is reasonable and they are good for indoors and outdoors. Arrows come with points and feathers or plastic vanes. I like vanes because they last a bit longer and fly better outdoors at longer distances. You should get at least a 1/2 dozen but I suggest 1 dozen. Arrows do break and bend and you don’t want to find yourself in a tournament without a back-up arrow in case one breaks.

箭有不同和材质和尺寸。要针对射手和弓选择合适的箭。尺寸不对的箭将引出很多关于飞行和准度的问题。有木箭,铝箭,碳铝箭和碳箭。初学者用铝箭是最好的,并且比木、碳箭安全。价格是一个因素,同时适合室内、外使用。箭还有箭头,羽毛或塑料箭羽。我个人(不是我)喜欢塑料箭羽因为它更耐用,室外长距离时飞行更稳定。准备最少6支建议12支箭。箭是会弯会坏(断)的,你不想看到你在比赛时一支箭坏了而你没有备用箭吧?

Armguard.

护臂

The armguard protects your bow arm from the string. There are many different kinds. Get the one that feels good for you. A 6” long armguard in usually very adequate.

护臂保护你的持弓臂不被弦打到。有很多种的护臂。找一个适合你自己的。一个6英寸长的通常能给你足够的保护。

Finger Tab.

护指

The finger tab protects your fingers from the string. Finger tabs are a piece of leather shaped to the three fingers that “hold” the string. Some have a stiffener. After a long day of shooting your finger will be numb without a finger tab. “No Glove” finger shaped rubber tubes that fit on the string, they are great for club bows are not for someone hoping to achieve in archery.

护指让你手指不被弦伤到。它是一张三根手指状的皮子,用它来“抓”弦,有些还有加厚层。如果不戴护指,经过一天的射箭你的手指将变得麻木(只是麻木? 外国人的不是手)。“没手套”型是手指状的橡胶管(日了,就说是小号套子多明白,用那么多词描述不累吗?)也可以,用箭馆弓时是不错的选择(对呀,谁会用用过的套子,用就要买,收入呀)如果一个希望在射箭方面有发展的人就不要就这种(是呀,射个箭,还要天天准备套子,一次就用三,挑费高了)。

Arrow Quiver.

箭壶

Some people consider the quiver an optional piece of equipment. The quiver fits around your waist and hold your arrows. Wearing a quiver is safer than carrying your arrows by hand back to the shooting line after you have pulled them from the target. Quiver can be very fancy or just functional. The simplest quiver is a tube and a belt clip. Get what works for you.

一些人认为箭壶是一个选用配件。箭壶是系在腰上装箭的东东。当你从靶子上拔出箭往回走时,把箭装在箭壶里要比用手拿着安全。箭壶可以是简单实用的也可以是非常华丽的。最简单的箭壶就是一个筒加一个皮带扣。买你喜欢的。

Bow Sight.

This is optional. Some archers use a sight and others shoot “barebow”. If you are going to participate in JOAD or shoot competitive a sight is a must. The sight is exactly what it says. It is a device to help aim the arrows and hit the target in the Gold. Sights come in all different price ranges and if you are going to use a sight get a good one. A good beginning sight starts at $60.00. Archers that want to shoot barebow in events are not allowed to use sights and many other equipment options. Talk to an instructor and discuss the opportunities and limitations of being a barebow shooter before making this decision.

瞄是选用件。有些射手用,有些射秃弓。如果你要加入奥林匹克青少年弓箭手发展项目或是要参加比赛那么瞄就是必须的。瞄实际上就和它的名字一样。它是帮助箭射中黄色靶心的装置。瞄的价格差别很大,如要你要买瞄那就买个好一点的。一个还不错的瞄是$60起。如要你想玩秃弓,那么你要知道在秃弓规则里瞄和其它装备都是禁止使用的。找一个教练讨论一下你向秃弓方面可能性,然后在做决定你是不是要玩秃弓。

Stabilizer.

平衡杆

This is optional. The stabilizer helps with the bows balance and absorbs shooting vibration. There are front stabilizers and side stabilizers. Start with the front one first. 30” is a popular length for beginners. Stabilizers start at $60.00

(又是)选用件。平衡杆帮助弓平衡并吸收射箭时弓的震动。分为长杆和侧杆。开始时,先只用长杆,一般30英寸是初学者喜欢的长度。最便宜的长杆要$60

Bow Stand

弓架

This is optional. The bow stand “holds” the bow when you’re not. Bow stands start at $20.00

选用件。弓架是在你不拿弓的时候,“拿”弓东西,$20起。

Basic Set-up

初级套装。

A Basic set-up using a non-ILF bow (like the wood bows the club uses), 1 dozen aluminum arrows, armguard, finger tab and quiver will run about $200.00. This set-up is ideal for children. It will last about 1 to 2 years and upgrades are limited. A Basic set-up using an ILF bow, 1 dozen arrows, armguard, and finger tab a good sight and a quiver will cost about $450.00. This will last quite awhile and can be upgraded easily.

初级套装一包括一张非ILF的弓(和箭馆里的木弓一样),12支铝箭,护臂,护指和箭壶,价格在$200左右。这个套装是给小孩子准备的,可以用12年,没有装备升级空间。初级套装二包括一张ILF的弓,12支箭(这个怎么不说是什么箭了?),护臂,护指,还不错的瞄和箭壶,价格在$450左右。这一套可以用较长的时间装备升级也容易。

One last thing, buying a bow for a child is different than buying a bow for an adult, Children grow and get stronger. Bows that worked great last month may not fit this month, that’s why it’s always best to use the club equipment in the beginning. When children get stronger, heavier weight limbs need to be purchased. When they get bigger longer limbs are in order and then a longer riser. This is very important, when buying a bow for your child, never buy more bow than the child can handle. If your child can only handle 25lbs, do not buy a 35lbs bow and expect them to “grow” into it. Over-bowing puts them at risk for shoulder and back injury and is one of the biggest reasons they quit. Many instructor recommend starting with a 15# to 20# bow. Buy a bow you or your child can handle without stress or strain. A little inconvenience in having to upgrade sooner than planned is worth being safe and happy.

最后一件事。给成人买弓和给小盆友买有很大不同。小孩子的身体是不断生长的,也许这张弓上个月用还合适,但这个月就不行了。这就是为什么小孩子刚开始最好用场馆弓。当孩子长壮时,要重买一个重的弓片;当孩子长高时,先换长点的弓片之后再换长点的弓把。还有一点很重要,不要因为孩子在长就买一张超出小孩掌控范围的弓。不要在你孩子只能拉开25磅弓买一张35磅的弓并期待孩子长长就合适了。过重的弓合孩子有肩和背受伤的危险,受伤是孩子放弃射箭最主要的原因。很多教练都建议从15磅到20磅的弓开始练习。不要让买来的弓给自己或给孩子带来压力和伤害。比预想更频繁的装备升级所带来的不便也是值得的,最主要是安全和开心。

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