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[比赛规则] 国际箭联光弓器材规则2018 译文

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发表于 2019-5-15 17:26 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式

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本帖最后由 留胡男 于 2019-5-15 19:55 编辑

      2017年底,国际箭联更新了一次光弓的规则,并在2018年又修订了2条。国际箭联关于光弓的器材规则,放在规则书的BOOK4-Field and 3D Archery(见附件)里面,这部分的内容主要讲的是原野赛和3D赛的器材和竞赛规则。光弓器材规则为22.3这一章节,我们把这部分摘出,做章节翻译。(翻译者:叶子 周澈)
      22.3. For theBarebow Division the following items are permitted:
               光弓器材规则如下:
      22.3.1. A bow ofany type provided it complies with the common meaning of the word bow as usedin target archery, that is, an instrument consisting of a handle/riser and grip(no shoot-through type) and two flexible limbs each ending in a tip with astring nock.
      弓的类型不限,只要符合射准射箭中“弓”一词的通用含义即可,即由一个握把,弓把(不允许使用击穿式或称封闭式弓窗的弓把),以及一对末端带弦槽的弹性弓片组成。
        The bow is bracedfor use by a single string attached directly between the two string nocks, andin operation is held in one hand by its grip while the fingers of the otherhand draw and release the string.
        弓由一根直接连系弓片两端弦槽的弦绷住,射箭时,一只手握在弓的握把,另一只手的手指拉弦并撒放。
        The bow asdescribed above shall be bare except for the arrow rest and free fromprotrusions, sights or sight marks, marks or blemishes or laminated pieces(within the bow window area) which could be of use in aiming.
        弓窗区域内,除了箭台,不应有任何突出物、瞄具、瞄点、标记、污点刮痕、或是层压的纹路等所有可能用作瞄准的参照。
        The unbraced bowcomplete with permitted accessories shall be capable of passing through a holeor ring with a 12.2cm inside diameter +/-0.5mm.
        未上弦的弓,装上所有要用的配件(规则许可内)后,必须能通过内径12.2厘米(误差+/-0.5毫米)的圆洞或圈环。

         22.3.1.1.Multi-coloured bow risers, and trademarks located on the inside of the upperand lower limb or on the riser are permitted.
        允许使用多色弓把,允许商标出现在上弓片及下弓片的内侧或弓把上。
        However if thearea within the sight window is coloured in such a way that it could be usedfor aiming, then it must be taped over.
        但如果弓窗视野内因此而出现可用于瞄准的颜色,则必须用胶带覆盖。

        22.3.1.2. Risersincluding a brace are permitted provided the brace does not consistently touchthe athlete’s hand or wrist.
       允许使用有桥弓把,但桥体不得持续接触运动员的手或手腕。

       22.3.2. Abowstring of any number of strands.
       弓弦的股数不限。

       22.3.2.1. Whichmay be of multi-couloured strands and serving and of the material chosen forthe purpose.
       弓弦可使用多种颜色,可有护弦,可根据需要选择材质。
       It may have acentre serving to accommodate the drawing fingers, one or two nocking points towhich may be added serving(s) to fit the arrow nock as necessary, and to locatethe nocking points.
       弓弦中段可缠绕护弦来放置拉弦手指,可根据需要再加装一至两截护弦或其他定位器来定位搭箭点。
       No lip or nosemark is permitted.
       不允许使用唇珠、鼻珠。
       The bowstringshall not in any way assist aiming through the use of a peephole, marking, orany other means.
       弓弦不得以任何方式辅助瞄准,包括使用窥孔、做标记、或其他任何方式。

       22.3.3. An arrowrest, which may be adjustable and have more than one vertical support ispermitted.
       可以使用可调式的箭台,允许对箭杆有超过一个的垂直支撑点。

        22.3.3.1. Anadjustable pressure button, pressure point or arrow plate may all be used onthe bow provided they do not offer any additional aid in aiming.
        侧箭台、箭侧垫或可调式箭侧垫均可使用,但不得提供额外的瞄准辅助作用。
       The pressure pointmay be placed no further back than 2cm (inside) from the pivot point of thegrip.
       箭侧垫的安装位置,内侧与握把口(轴点)的水平距离不得超过2厘米。

       22.3.4. No drawcheck device may be used.
       不能使用拉距定位装置。

       22.3.5. Face andstring walking are permitted.
       允许使用脸幅与指幅射法。

       22.3.6. Nostabilisers are permitted.
       不能使用平衡杆。

       22.3.6.1. Vibrationdampeners fitted as part of the bow are permitted provided that they do nothave stabilisers.
       允许使用弓身自带的减震装置。

      22.3.6.2.Weight(s) may be added to the lower part of the riser. All weights, regardlessof shape, shall mount directly to the riser without rods, extensions, angularmounting connections or shock-absorbing devices.
      配重可以装在弓把的下半部。所有的配重,不论形状如何,必须直接连接到弓把,不能通过杆、延长杆、角度连接器或减震装置来与弓身相连。

      22.3.7. Arrows ofany type may be used provided they subscribe to the accepted principle andmeaning of the word arrow as used in target archery, and that these arrows donot cause undue damage to the targets.
      各种类型的箭均可使用,只要其符合射准射箭中“箭”一词的公认含义及准则,且不会对箭靶造成不当损害。

      22.3.7.1. An arrowconsists of a shaft with a tip (point), nocks, fletching and, if desired,cresting.    The maximum diameter ofarrow shafts shall not exceed 9.3mm (arrow wraps shall not be considered aspart of this limitation but may not extend further than 22cm toward the arrowpoint when measured from the nock groove where the bowstring sits to the end ofthe wrap).
The tips/points ofthe arrows may not exceed 9.4mm in diameter. All arrows of every athlete shallbe marked with the athlete's name or initials on the shaft. All arrows used inany end shall be identical in appearance and shall carry the same pattern andcolour(s) of fletching, nocks and cresting, if any. Tracer nocks(electrically/electronically lighted nocks) are not allowed.
         一支箭包含箭杆、箭头、箭尾、箭羽、和箭标(如有需要)。箭杆的最大直径不得超过9.3毫米(箭杆贴纸不算在直径内,但从卡弦的箭尾凹槽到朝向箭头的贴纸前端,全长不应超过22厘米)。箭头的最大直径不得超过9.4毫米。
每名运动员应在所有用箭的箭杆上标记自己的姓名或首字母缩写。同一场比赛中的所有用箭必须形制统一,且箭羽的样式和颜色搭配、箭尾和箭标(如有)也都要一致。禁止使用追踪箭尾(电动/电子发光箭尾)。

         22.3.8. Fingerprotection in the form of finger stalls or tips, gloves, or shooting tab ortape, to draw and release the string is permitted, provided they do not incorporateany device that shall assist the athlete to hold, draw and release the string.
        允许使用指套、手套、护指皮垫、或缠指胶带,用于拉弓和撒放,但它们均不可带有辅助运动员拉弓、持弓和撒放的装置。

        22.3.8.1. Aseparator between the fingers to prevent pinching the arrow may be used. Ananchor plate or similar device attached to the finger protection (tab) for thepurpose of anchoring is permitted.
        可以使用防止夹箭的分指器,允许护指带有起固定作用的固定托片或类似装置。
The stitchingshall be uniform in size and colour. Marks or lines may be added directly tothe tab or on a tape placed on the face of the tab. These marks shall beuniform in size, shape and colour. Additional memoranda is not permitted.
        护指的缝线应保持统一的颜色和尺寸。可直接在护指上添加标记或刻度线,也可做在胶带上再贴于护指上。这些标记或刻度线在尺寸、形状和颜色上应完全一致。不允许有额外的提示记号。
        On the bow hand anordinary glove, mitten or similar item may be worn but shall not be attached tothe grip of the bow.
       持弓的手可以佩戴普通手套、连指手套或类似用具,但它们不能连接在弓的握把上。

       22.3.9.Binoculars, scopes and other visual aids for spotting arrows:
       可使用双筒望远镜、单筒望远镜和其他视觉设备观察箭支

       22.3.9.1. Providedthey are not used for ranging or represent any obstruction to other athletes.
       但这些设备不可用于测距,不得对其他运动员造成任何阻碍。

       22.3.9.2.Prescription glasses, shooting spectacles and sunglasses may be used. None ofthese may be fitted with micro hole lenses, or similar devices, nor may they bemarked in any way to assist in aiming.
       可以佩戴普通眼镜、射箭眼镜和太阳镜,但不得装有微孔镜或类似装置,也不能以任何方式进行标记辅助瞄准。

        22.3.9.3. Should the athlete need to cover thenon-sighting eye and or glasses lens, plastic, film or tape may be used toobscure vision, or an eye patch may be used.
       运动员如需遮盖单侧的非瞄准眼或眼镜片,可使用塑料、胶片、或胶带遮挡视野,也可以使用眼罩。

       22.3.10.Accesories are permitted:
       允许使用以下配件:

       22.3.10.1.Including arm guard, chest protector, bow sling, finger sling, belt, back, hipor ground-quiver.
         包括护臂、护胸、护弓绳,腰带箭壶、背负箭壶、腰挂箭壶或地面箭壶。
       Devices to raise a foot or part thereof,attached or independent of the shoe, are permitted provided that the devices donot present an obstruction to other athletes at the shooting line/peg orprotrude more than 2cm past the footprint of the shoe. Also permitted are limbdampeners.
       允许使用垫高整只脚或一部分脚的装置,附在鞋上或独立于鞋外均可,但它不能妨碍起射位置上的其他运动员,超出鞋印边沿的部分不得宽于2厘米。
也允许使用弓片减震。

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发表于 2019-5-16 08:52 | 显示全部楼层
22.3.8.1这个点很重要。

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发表于 2019-5-16 09:17 | 显示全部楼层
翻译的不错,贴子看着也不累。赞一个。
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